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What Is Sciatica and How to Treat Sciatica

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Sciatica (commonly known as sciatica) is a condition that affects a large segment of the population: it is estimated that over 40% of adults – especially those of working age – he could have suffered at least once in their lives.

But it is clear about its nature, since it is often a source of misunderstandings and, therefore, can lead to erroneous therapeutic treatments. Sciatica is not a real disease but a collection of symptoms: these are manifested through a feeling of due to irritation of the sciatic nerve pain, which the sacral plexus innervating the thigh, leg and foot. Let’s find out what exactly is, how it manifests itself and how they should be treated sciatica.

Not all of the pain that, starting from the back, also affect the leg are annoverabili in cases of sciatica. As said, sciatica refers to an inflammation of the sciatic nerve, which is the most voluminous nerve ending present in our body and, for this reason, it may be more prone to irritation of other. However, it is a set of symptoms that, in reality, are the light of much deeper causes, should not be confused with any kind of pain that affects the lower back and extends to the legs.
What are the symptoms of sciatica? And what are the different causes of its occurrence?

The most obvious symptoms of sciatica are (in addition to the pain caused by inflammation, which can be of varying intensity): a sense of numbness, or burning of the leg; impairment of limb sensitivity; muscle weakness; tingling sensation at the side. Usually, the onset of sciatica is manifested by a perception of pain in the indicated areas (buttocks, pelvis, thigh and legs) is often caused by small trauma or sudden movements. Very often, in addition, there has been a periodic recurrence of the discomfort, punctuated by episodes less intense.

But what is the etiology (i.e. causes) of sciatica? There are several forms of pain, which between them differ according to the cause that originates. In most cases, the triggering factor is the crushing of one of the roots of the spinal-lumbar nerve (radiculopathy), while the lower the occurrence of cases in which to be concerned is the sciatic nerve itself, on which it is to press the herniated disc. It must also be added that may include episodes of sciatica during pregnancy and, more generally, that this may be the consequence of long-term or postural defects of a sedentary lifestyle.

 

How is sciatica?

Sciatica, although very annoying, it does not necessarily cause irreparable damage to the sciatic nerve except in special cases but very rare. We must first of all to support the most appropriate tests: X-rays, elettromiografie, neurografie magnetic resonance (NMR) but also TAC and blood tests. Subsequently, the most suitable treatment should be chosen according to the type of identified causes; It should also be remembered that there are more exposed subjects such as certain professional categories, those suffering from osteoporosis and arthritis, diabetes or other diseases associated with physical inactivity.
Here’s how you can articulate the care of sciatica. In most cases, the symptoms can disappear in a few weeks or a few months, improving their postural habits or respecting a period of complete rest. In general, very useful are the physical exercises and physical therapy if the pain tends to return periodically: a progressive therapy made of strengthening exercises and stretching (active physiotherapy) or through the TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation: passive physiotherapy) help to decompress the nerve and loosen the tissue tension. If the pain is very intense, almost debilitating, it becomes necessary to anti-inflammatory therapy with drugs such as steroids (even oral) combined with muscle relaxants, as well as various painkillers over the counter available in pharmacies.

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